Autonomous Shuttle Fleets for Cities

Planning and operation of electric and autonomous shuttle fleets in urban spaces.

We believe that the next decade is going to be defined by the automation of the automobile. In fact we see autonomous vehicles as having as significance an impact on society as Ford’s moving assembly line did more than 100 years ago.

— Marc Fields


Autonomous vehicles are on everyone's lips and will change road traffic and mobility in the near future. Autonomous shuttle fleets can supplement or replace passenger and freight transport. If operated electrically, they can sustainably reduce emissions on the one hand and the number of vehicles on the other, thus contributing to improved living conditions for the population. In this project, the dimensioning and operation of an electric autonomous shuttle fleet is primarily being investigated in order to supplement or (partially) replace urban passenger transport. The number of vehicles and the planning of the trips influence each other and lead to further questions such as the location of charging stations, the dimensioning of the vehicles, the influence of the range, the influence of empty trips and ride sharing. In this project, algorithm-based answers to these and other questions will be found and validated by means of a microsimulation.


04/2017 -
Marco Lübbecke, Britta Peis, Dirk Vallée
  • Felix Willamowski
  • Lehrstuhl für Management Science
  • Lehrstuhl und Institut für Stadtbauwesen und Stadtverkehr
Ford Motor Company


  • Dimensioning of an electric autonomous shuttle fleet
  • Positioning of charging stations
  • Planning of trips including repositioning and ride sharing
  • Validation of algorithms by a microsimulation